Tổng hợp những cặp từ dễ gây nhầm lẫn trong tiếng Anh (p2)

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Tổng hợp những cặp từ dễ gây nhầm lẫn trong tiếng Anh (p2)

Trong tiếng Anh có nhiều cặp từ dễ gây nhầm lẫn với nhau, người học tiếng Anh thường gặp khó khăn trong cả khi nói và khi viết. Sau đây, mình sẽ giới thiệu cho các bạn Tổng hợp những cặp từ dễ gây nhầm lẫn trong tiếng Anh, các bạn tham khảo nhé.

Advice/Advise
Advice: Danh từ, lời khuyên
Chester gave Posey good advice.
Advise:động từ, khuyên
Chester advised Posey to avoid the questionable chicken salad.

Affect/Effect
Affect: động từ, tác động, ảnh hưởng
Chester’s humming affected Posey’s ability to concentrate.
Effect:danh từ, ảnh hưởng
Chester was sorry for the effect his humming had.

Among/Amongst
Among: Anh Mỹ
Amongst: Anh Anh

Among/Between
Among:giữa nhiều sự vật
Chester found a letter hidden among the papers on the desk.
Between: giữa hai sự vật
Posey spent all day carrying messages between Chester and the other students

Assure:đảm bảo
Posey assured Chester that no one would cheat at Bingo.
Ensure:bảo đảm
Posey took steps to ensure that no one cheated at Bingo.
Insure:mua bảo hiểm
Posey was glad the Bingo hall was insured against damage caused by rowdy Bingo players.

Tổng hợp những cặp từ dễ gây nhầm lẫn trong tiếng Anh

Breath/Breathe
Breath: danh từ
Chester held his breath while Posey skateboarded down the stairs.
Breathe: động tử, thở
After Posey’s spectacular landing, Chester had to remind himself to breathe again.

Capital/Capitol
Capital: chữ hoa, thủ đô
Chester visited Brasίlia, the capital of Brazil.
Capitol:trụ sở
Posey visited the cafe in the basement of the capitol after watching a bill become a law.

Complement/Compliment
A complement: Bổ sung. bổ trợ
Chester’s lime green boots were a perfect complement to his jacket.
A compliment: lời khen
Posey received many compliments on her purple fedora.

Disinterested/Uninterested
Disinterested: vô tư, không vụ lợi
A panel of disinterested judges who had never met the contestants before judged the singing contest.
Uninterested:không thấy hứng thú
Posey was uninterested in attending Chester’s singing class.

Defence/Defense
Defense: Anh Mỹ
Defence: Anh Anh

Emigrate/Immigrate
Emigrate: di cư
Chester’s grandfather emigrated from Canada sixty years ago.
Immigrate: nhập cư
Posey’s sister immigrated to Ireland in 2004.

Empathy/Sympathy
Empathy:sự thấu cảm
Sympathy:sự thông cảm, đống cảm

Farther/Further
Farther: khoảng cách địa lý
Posey can run farther than Chester.
Further: khoảng cách trừu tượng
Chester is further away from finishing his project than Posey is.

Flaunt/Flout
Flaunt: khoe khoang
Chester flaunted his stylish new outfit.
Flout:miệt thị
Posey flouted the business-casual dress code by wearing a tiara and flip-flops.
Gray/Grey: màu xám
Gray: Anh Mỹ
Grey: Anh Anh

Historic/Historical

Historic:địa danh lịch sử nổi tiếng
Chester visited the beach in Kitty Hawk where the Wright brothers made their historic first airplane flight.
Historical: liên quan đến lịch sử
Posey donned a historical bonnet for the renaissance fair.

Imply/Infer
Imply: ngụ ý rằng
Chester implied that Posey was in trouble, but he wouldn’t tell her why.
Infer:suy luận
Posey inferred that Chester was nervous about something from the way he kept looking over his shoulder.

It’s/Its
It’s: Viết tắt của It is
Posey needs to pack for her trip because it’s only two days away.
Its: tình từ sở hữu của it
Chester is obsessed with both the book and its author.

Lead/Led Lead,
Lead:dẫn dắt
Posey wore a lead apron while the dentist X-rayed her teeth.
Led: động từ ở thì quá khú của lead
Chester led the way.

Learned/Learnt

Learned: Quá khứ của learn chuẩn Anh Mỹ
Learnt: Quá khứ của learn chuẩn Anh Anh

Loose/Lose

Loose:Tính từ, có nghĩa là bị mất, hay thất lạc.
Posey discovered that the cows were loose.
Lose: động từ, thất lạc
Chester was careful not to lose his ticket.

Principal/Principle
Principal: Hiệu trưởng
Posey was called into the principal’s office.
A principle: quy tắc, luật lệ
Posey doesn’t like surprise parties as a matter of principle.

Inquiry/Enquiry
Inquiry: Anh Mỹ
Enquiry: Anh ANh

Stationary/Stationery
Stationary: không chuyển động
The revolving door remained stationary because Posey was pushing on it the wrong way.
Stationery: Văn phòng phẩm
Chester printed his résumé on his best stationery.

Than/Then
Than: dùng trong so sánh
Posey runs faster than Chester.
Then: biểu thị tiến trình thời gian, có nghĩa là sau đó
Posey took off running, and then Chester came along and finished her breakfast.

Their/There
Their: tính từ sở hữu
Chester and Posey took their time.
There: từ chỉ địa điểm
It took them an hour to get there. They’re is a contraction of “they are”: Are Chester and Posey coming? They’re almost here.

To/Too
To: giới từ mô tả phương hướng
Posey walked to school. She said hello to Chester when she saw him.
Too: có nghĩa là quá.
Posey waited too long to do her homework, too.

Toward/Towards
Toward: Anh Mỹ
Towards: Anh Anh

Who’s/Whose
Who’s : Viết tắt của Who is.
Who’s calling Chester at this hour?
Whose: chỉ sở hữu của danh từ
Chester, whose phone hadn’t stopped ringing all morning, barely ate anything for breakfast.

Trên đây là Tổng hợp những cặp từ dễ gây nhầm lẫn trong tiếng Anh, các bạn tham khảo nhé.

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