TỔNG HỢP NHỮNG CẶP TỪ GÂY NHẦM LẪN TRONG TIẾNG ANH

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TỔNG HỢP NHỮNG CẶP TỪ GÂY NHẦM LẪN TRONG TIẾNG ANH

Trong tiếng Anh, có những cặp từ có cách viết khá giống nhau, thậm chí chỉ khác nhau một chữ, những từ này ngay cả người học tiếng Anh lâu năm nếu không để ý cũng có thể nhầm lẫn, sau đây mình sẽ giới thiệu cho các bạn Tổng hợp những cặp từ gây nhầm lẫn trong tiếng Anh để khi các bạn học tiếng Anh không bị nhầm lẫn nhé!

BESIDE / BESIDES
beside: (giới tù) có nghĩa là bên cạnh
I sit beside Marry in class.
Could you get me that book? It’s beside the case.
besides:(trạng từ, giới từ) nghĩa là ngoài ra, hơn nữa

(adverb) He’s responsible for sales,besides he is very clever.
(preposition) Besides volleyball, I play soccer and basketball.

CLOTHES / CLOTHS
clothes: trang phục, quần áo

Just a moment, let me change my clothes.
Marry, get your clothes on!

cloths:một mảnh vải

There are some cloths on the table. Use those to clean the kitchen.
I have a few pieces of cloth that I use.

DEAD / DIED
dead: tính từ, mang nghĩa đã chết

Unfortunately, our dog has been dead for 2 months.
Don’t touch that cat. It’s dead.

died: động từ ở thể quá khứ của die

His grandmother died two years ago.
A number of people have died in the accident.

EXPERIENCE / EXPERIMENT
experience:kinh nghiệm, trải nghiệm

His experiences in Germany were rather depressing.
I’m afraid I don’t have much sales experience.

experiment: thí nghiệm

They did a number of experiments yesterday
Don’t worry it’s just an experiment. I’m not going to keep my beard.

FELT / FELL
felt: động từ ở thì quá khứ của feel
I felt better after I had a coffee.
He hasn’t felt this well for a long time.

fell: động từ ở thì quá khú của fall
He fell from a tree and broke his arm.
Unfortunately, I fell down and hurt myself.

FEMALE / FEMININE
female: chỉ giới tính cái, nữ

The female of the species is very aggressive.
The question ‘female or male’ means ‘are you a woman or a man’.

feminine: tính từ mang nghĩa “như đànbà
He’s an excellent boss with a feminine intuition.
The house was decorated in a very feminine manner.

Tổng hợp những cặp từ dễ gây nhầm lẫn trong tiếng Anh

ITS / IT’S
its: tính từ sở hữu của it

Its color is blue.
The cat didn’t eat all of its food.

it’s: viết tắt ‘it is’ or ‘it has’

(it is) It’s difficult to understand him.
(it has) It’s been a long time since I had a beer.

last / latest
last: cuối cùng

I took the last train to LA.
This is the last test of the semester!

latest:gần đây nhất, mới nhất

His latest novel is excellent.
Have you seen his latest photo?

lay / lie

lay: đặt để, thì quá khứ là laid

He laid his pen down and listened to the teacher.
I usually lay my tea on the shelf to cool.

lie: nằm- P1 là lay , P2 là lain
The girl lay on the bed asleep.
At the moment, he’s lying on the sofa.

lose / loose

lose: mất, đánh mất

I lost my watch!
Have you ever lost anything valuable?

loose: tính từ, mang nghĩa rộng, lỏng, trái nghĩa với “tight”
Your pants are very loose!
I need to tighten this screw. It’s loose.

male / masculine

male: giới tính nam, động vật đực

The male of the species is very lazy.
The question ‘female or male’ means ‘are you a woman or a man’.

masculine: tính từ, mang nghĩa miêu tả một người phụ nữ ” như đàn ông”

Marry is a very masculine woman.
His opinions are just too masculine for me.

price / prize

price: giá cả của cái gì đó
The price of the book was very cheap.
What’s the price of this coat?

prize:giải thưởng

He won a prize as best actor.
Have he ever won a prize in a competition?

principal / principle

principal: cơ bản, chủ yếu, quan trọng

The principal reason for my decision was the money.
What are the principal irregular verbs?

principle: luật lệ

It’s the first principle of th theory
He has very loose principles.

quite / quiet

quite:trạng từ, mang nghĩa “khá, rất”

Examples:

This test is quite easy.
He was quite tired after the long journey.

quiet: tính từ mang nghĩa yên tĩnh, trái nghĩa với “noisy”
Could you please be quiet?!
he’s a very quiet boy

sensible / sensitive

sensible:nhạy bén

Examples:

I wish you would be more sensible about things.
I’m afraid you aren’t being very sensible.

sensitive: Nhạy cảm

You should be careful with Tom. He’s very sensitive.
Lee is a very sensitive woman.

shade / shadow

shade: chỗ râm, không có ánh mặt trời
You should sit in the shade for a while.
It’s too hot. I’m going to find some shade.

shadow: cái bóng
That tree casts a large shadow.
Have you every noticed your shadow getting longer as it gets later in the day?

some time / sometimes

some time:một lúc nào đó
Let’s meet for coffee some time.
I don’t know when I’ll do it – but I will do it some time.

sometimes: trạng từ mang nghĩa thỉnh thoảng
He sometimes works late.
Sometimes, I like eating Chinese food.

Altogether/All together:

All together: cùng nhau
Ex: We gather all together at the family meeting.

Altogether (adverb): hoàn toàn
Ex: When We arrived at the top of the mountain, we were altogether exhausted.

Ascent /Assent

Assent (noun): nhất trí,đồng ý
Ex: The manager gave his assent to the new marketing plan.

Ascent (noun):sự trèo lên
Ex: We began our ascent to the summit.

Climactic/Climatic :

Climactic (adjective): rất hào hứng
Ex: Tonight play was climactic, especially the touching final scene.

Climatic (adjective): liên quan đến thời tiết
Ex: Global warming has lead to the climatic change in many areas.

Compliment/Complement

Complement (verb): phần bổ sung
Ex: The sweetness of milk complements the bitterness of coffee perfectly.

Compliment (verb) khen ngợi
Ex: He compliments her on her new dress.

Desert/Dessert

Desert (noun): sa mạc
Ex: The travelers got lost in the desert.

Dessert (noun): món tráng miệng
Ex: We had chocolate cupcake for dessert.

Exercise /Exorcise

Exercise (noun) thể dục thể thao
Ex: Doing exercise everyday can improve your health.

Exorcise (verb): yểm trừ, xua đuổi
Ex: The evil spirit was exorcised from his body.

Ensure/Insure
Ensure (verb): đảm bảo
Ex: Please ensure to return books to the school library before next Friday.

Insure (verb): mua bảo hiểm
Ex: That diamond was insured for $10 million.

Loathe/Loath

Loath (adjective): do dự
Ex: He was loath to prepare for his final exam.

Loathe (verb): ghét ai, cái gì
Ex: She loathes her neighbors, since they always cause so much noise at night.

Stationary/Stationery

Stationary(adjective): đứng yên
Ex: She remained stationary.

Stationery (noun): văn phòng phẩm
Ex: I love making stationery collection.

Trên đây là Tổng hợp những cặp từ thường gây nhầm lẫn trong tiếng Anh, các bạn tham khảo nhé, chúc các bạn học tốt.

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